Vellum Lined, with Calligraphy: Here I have marked the lines and columns with pencil and blocked out the areas to be illuminated later. Margins and musical staff lines were done with walnut ink and the ruling pen. The main text has been written in using iron gall ink and a quill pen, leaving spaces for capitals to be illuminated later. The rubricated words were done by loading the quill with red glair paint instead of ink.